We know face masks are sold out everywhere due to world’s coronavirus outbreak. Many people will have to turn to other forms of home manufacturing as a last resort. To do this, it is necessary to know roughly what materials we could use to make the best face mask to protect against COVID-19.
How to make face mask easy
Materials to make face mask from fabric
- Cotton Fabric
- Needle and thread
- Portable sewing machine
Face Mask Patterns
Next, I leave you some patterns to make at home cotton fabric face masks. The outer edge of the face mask pattern is for cutting pieces of fabric. The inner template is to cut a filter that we can put in the face mask. Therefore cut 4 pieces (2 + 2) taking into account the right and wrong side of the fabric. Then, you sew along the curved edge two at a time. You sew elastics on each side. Now we are going to place a wire of the ones that come in the sliced bread that will serve to adjust the mask to the nose. Next, as a sandwich, sew the pieces resulting from the previous steps along all the edges, leaving a piece without sewing at the bottom where we will turn it and also where we will put the filter. Cut two pieces of fabric for the filter. In this case I recommend using the typical fabric of the reusable grocery store bags.
Face Mask pattern Free. Large Size
Cut the Elastic of 16cm o 6.3″. Download here large size mask pattern in pdf to print. Recommendation: Set up printer to print borderless.
Face Mask Pattern printable. Medium Size
Cut the Elastic of 14cm o 5.51″. Download here medium size mask pattern in pdf to print. Recommendation: Set up printer to print borderless.
Face mask pattern to print. Small Size
Cut the Elastic of 14cm o 4.92″. Download here small size face mask pattern in pdf to print. Recommendation: Set up printer to print borderless.
Face mask pattern sewing. Kids Size
Cut the Elastic of 11cm o 4.33″. Download here kids size face mask pattern in pdf to print. Recommendation: Set up printer to print borderless.
Material to make face masks at home
Statistics show that “DIY” or homemade masks are effective at catching viruses, but not with the same level of protection as surgical face masks would. But if we are forced to make our own mask, it is important to know what material is most suitable for making a face mask? As a curiosity we know that as the coronavirus spread through China, citizens started with home-made tissue paper muzzle covers, kitchen towels, cotton clothing fabrics, and even oranges! in the face of despair.
Our recommendation is to use a material with low permeability such as that used in reusable supermarket bags.
Para más información sobre qué material utilizar para hacer un tapabocas casero te dejo el siguiente video explicativo.
How to make DIY Surgical Mask
To make a surgical-style mask, you will need to cut a 22cm x 17.5cm rectangular piece. Next you will have to mark horizontal lines starting at the top edge to the measure of 3cm, 2.5cm, 2cm, 2.5cm, 2cm, 2.5cm and 3cm.
Now, we are going to make the typical folds of surgical masks. For this we are going to hide by folding in the rectangles measuring 2.5 x 22cm. You can download the DIY Surgical Mask pattern
The fold should look something like this:
Next, we are going to cut two strips of elastic rubber about 18 cm long. We will sew them in a “U” shape turned to each side of the mask. (The best thing to understand is to see the video that I leave below)
Finally, we will use a wire from the ones that come in the sliced bread bags to serve as an adjuster on the nose. We will place it on the upper edge of the mask as centered as possible. Then, we will sew a hem with the wire inside. We will finish making the hem on the other three edges of the mask. And we will have our homemade mouth mask ready with materials that you can have at home.
Video how to make DIY Surgical Mask
The best thing to do this type of mask at home is to watch it through a video, so with few images and short text explanation can be more complicated.
Type 3. Make face masks at home easy
Step-by-step to make face mask easy
- Cut the two rectangles out of cotton cloth. You can use quilting or cotton sheets.
- Place the two rectangles on top of each other and sew it around the edges so that there is only one piece.
- Fold the long sides half an inch in and sew it in. Do the same for the short sides.
- Insert the elastic through the hole that was left by folding the short sides. Tie the ends in a knot. If the elastic is closed you can place it before sewing the hem so that it is already inside.
- Slide the elastic so that the knot is inside the hem. Next, secure the elastic to the fabric by stitching it with the sewing machine.
Type 4. How to make face masks with t shirt
This type of face mask is fast and you will make without sewing machine.
To start, cut the bottom of the shirt from side to side.
Next, cut out an inner rectangle leaving a good margin on one side. Make two cuts in the fold of the shirt on the short side to get some strips to secure the mask to the head.
Put it on as in the following image, securing the top of the head with one of the strips and with the other tie the knot at the nape of the neck.
Type 5. How to make face masks at home easy
Make this mask without sewing machine, you only will need scarf, rubbers and coffee filter.
The first thing will be to cut the coffee filter more or less in half.
Next, fold the fabric in half.
Place the coffee filter cutout in the middle of the fabric and fold the fabric from top to bottom. Then do the same from bottom to top.
Insert the elastics into the rectangular strip that you have left after folding in the previous step.
Next, fold the fabric over the elastic bands.
You should have a rectangle with the following shape.
Put it on holding the fabric so that it does not open. Once on the face, extend it to cover the nose and mouth.
If you want you can download the original guide in pdf from here.
Additional information and recommendations on the use of homemade face masks
From the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of the United States, they provide us with several tutorials to make homemade mouthguards.
The CDC is recommending the use of cloth face masks in public settings where other measures of social distancing are difficult to maintain (eg, supermarkets and pharmacies). The CDC also advises the use of simple cloth masks to reduce the spread of the virus and to help people who may have the virus and do not know they transmit it to others.
In addition, cloth face shields should not be applied to children under 2 years of age, people who are having trouble breathing or who are unconscious, disabled or unable to remove the mask without assistance.